Vrmdža is a village in the municipality of Sokobanja (12 km away), Serbia. It is located at the foot of enchanting pyramid mountain Rtanj in the heart of Serbia. The village is a historic place, a testimony of epic events from Roman times to this day, as well as a place of untouched nature. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 606 people.
The village is named after the word Vrm, which means place of springs, wells and streams. Taps have been installed next to the springs and the households are connected to the water supply. Because of the rich streams, the area is overgrown by trees, grass and plants, so much so that the village could be called Lush Vrmdža.
Near village Vrmdza, in the valley of the river Pakles, there are remains of the old Vrmdza town, which is of “latin origin” according to the locals. Fortress dates from the roman period between IV and VI century, probably in the time of reign of the Emperor Justinian. Later the town was mentioned in the XIV century, as the settlement of noblemen. It was ruined in the XV century, in 1413.
On a plateau surrounded by pine trees is the Church of the Holy Trinity, built in 1818, and old school which today houses the Village Museum. The ethno display, which even major cities would not be ashamed of, consists of items for craftwork, furniture, folk costumes from this region and part of the old school inventory. In front of the museum is a statue from one of the sculpture colonies that were held here.
Vrmdža is often called “village of phenomenon” – While people are leaving from most of the Serbian villages, in Vrmdža, about 20 estates have been bought in the last few years, with new residents arriving from Venice, Pittsburgh, New York, Belgrade, Zrenjanin, Subotica and Novi Sad. They are rearranging houses that are more than a century old and an American can now be found on the voting list.
Following the example of the newly arrived residents, several families opted to deal in rural tourism. Old houses in the village are cheap. Guests come from all over, mostly day trippers, though there are a growing number of visitors who remain for several days in nicely decorated households and enjoy the local food, cows’, sheep’s and goats’ milk, Rtanj tea, Rtanj lamb etc. They can have lunch in the small restaurant next to grandfather Mija’s mill, which is again working full time. From there the road next to the River Vrmdža leads to the small but beautiful Vrmdža Lake, then further on over wide fields as it climbs to the top of Rtanj.
Part of the text is taken from serbia.com.